"By 1890 there were between one thousand and two thousand of these affluent black commercial farmers. Now, one hundred years later, you will have difficulty finding even one." (11)
"The truth is that white farmers felt threatened by blacks. Not only were blacks better farmers but they were competing with white farmers for land. Moreover, they were self-sufficient and hence not available to work for white farmers or in industry, particularly in the Transvaal gold mines where labor was badly needed. As a result, a series of laws was passed that robbed blacks of almost all economic freedom. The purpose of these laws was to prevent blacks from competing with whites and to drive them into the work force. This was the beginning of the "black socialism" that exists throughout South Africa today." (12)
The Boers were anti-government. The Klein Vrystaat (1886-1891) was a small republic in the Eastern Transvaal. It was a constitutional anarchy having no formal government. (28)
"It is ironic that every major wave of unrest in this country has resulted from government controls regarding bus fares, rents, transport, education, and wage rates, none of which were necessary for the maintenance of apartheid." (73)
This is followed by a proposal to divide South Africa into autonomous cantons under a weak central government a la Switzerland. Each canton could have its own constitution and system of government. Citizens would be free to travel to any canton. (Money could be raised by selling citizenship, as in Switzerland.) Each canton would have the right to secede from the central government.
Cantons could compete for citizens by offering different forms of government, different welfare rights, more or less freedom, higher or lower taxes, etc. There would be a "demonstration effect" which would show what life is like under each system. The book includes examples of the demonstration effect in Switzerland. (127)
"Any law that results in any form of compulsory integration or segregation would be unconstitutional." (151)
"Ultimately, every individual has a unique set of interests and values, and is therefore a minority. Stated differently, there are not minorities or majorities, but only individuals with interests they share with a few or many other individuals. Thus, if individual rights are adequately protected, the rights of minorities and majorities will also be protected." (156)
"The right of people to mix with or separate from others as they choose is fundamental to a free society. Apartheid laws interfere with the right to associate; affirmative action laws with the right to disassociate." (220)
Year Read: 1999
Libertarian Essays by Roy Halliday
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