People often speak of “the missing link” as if only one link is missing—the link between man and the ape-like species we are supposed to have evolved from. In fact all the links between all species and their supposed predecessors are missing! The fossils show every species fully formed. There are no fossils of any in-between links from one species to any other species.
In this book Dean Overman's intention was to prove that the odds of life having been created by accident or by matter organizing itself without an intelligent designer are so high against it that it amounts to a mathematical impossibility. I have been questioning the theory of evolution for the past several years, and I was ready to be convinced that evolution is not the correct explanation for the origin of life. However, Dean Overman admits that if the universe has existed forever then there has been enough time for anything to have happened including for life to have been created by accident. His argument only works if we accept the Big-Bank Theory that the universe is no more than 25 billion years old.
The Big-Bang Theory is now the most popular theory among scientists and among astrophysicists in particular. In order to explain how unlikely it is that life could have evolved in so short a time without an intelligent designer Overman first gives an explanation of the latest theories of the astrophysicists. And in order to explain the theories of the astrophysicists he has to explain the theories of the nuclear (or particle) physicists. It turns out that astrophysicists believe in incomprehensible things such as black holes that occupy no space, but are extremely dense and so powerful that light can’t escape from them and time has no meaning inside them. And particle physicists believe in some very strange things too. In order for their mathematical formulas to work and be consistent with each other, they postulate the existence of invisible, atomic particles with funny names (charmed quarks, bottom quarks, top quarks, up quarks, down quarks, strong quarks, squarks, strings, neutrinos, bosons, gluons, gravitons, mesons, photons, baryons, diprotons, fermions, leptons, positrons). And these invisible things with funny names have weird properties (quarks, for example, are supposed to have no length or width or height, but they have mass). Particle physicists also invent constants and name them after themselves (the Planck constant for example) to make their equations work. Not only have they invented atomic particles and natural constants, they have also invented new forces and new dimensions. In addition to gravity and electro-magnetic force we now have “the strong nuclear force” (which is a zillion times more powerful than gravity but only extends for a zillionth of an inch) and “the weak nuclear force” (which is a half-zillion times more powerful than gravity but only operates within atoms). Some physicists believe there must be 10 dimensions, but a pair of physicists working together have shown a way to make all the equations work with only 6 dimensions. The only evidence for these constants, and “nuclear forces,” and subatomic particles with funny names is that they can be fitted into the scientists’ collection of mathematical equations so that the equations produce results that do not contradict each other.
Granting all this, Overman goes on to prove that 25 billion years is not enough time for evolution to have produced life from the chemicals on earth by accident. I was less surprised by this conclusion than I was by learning about the all the magical things modern scientists believe in.
If a person can believe all the things that astrophysicists and particle physicists believe, it should be relatively easy for him to believe in transubstantiation, reincarnation, and the Trinity. A thousand angels dancing on the head of a pin is easier to believe in than a charmed quark that exists but occupies no space at all. So if the theory of evolution rests on the beliefs of astrophysicists and particle physicists, it requires belief in a multitude of invisible and unfathomable entities and requires more faith than the simple idea of God, or even a committee of gods, creating life by intelligent design.
Among college-educated adults it is the consensus that scientific evidence supports the theory of evolution and that parents who want creationism taught in the public schools are ignorant extremists who are trying to force their religion on others. The more I look at the scientific evidence, the more I believe that the reverse is true. In other words, the scientific evidence supports creation of life by intelligent design and those who insist on teaching evolution in the public schools are forcing their faith-based beliefs on others.
Year Read: 2003
Libertarian Essays by Roy Halliday
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