He is logical and convincing when he makes his points about intelligent design versus blind chance and about mutations being harmful rather that a possible source of evolution toward higher forms of life and when he says geological formations are best explained by a great flood such as the one described in the Bible. This is most of the book.
However, he is illogical and unconvincing when her attributes corruption of all life to the supposed sins of Adam and Eve and when he professes salvation through Jesus. How could an intelligent designer of complex life be so petty and stupid as the god of Adam and Eve?
He supports my impression of the Grand Canyon, namely that it could not have been formed by the Colorado River acting over the years. Instead it was formed suddenly when a great natural dam burst releasing a deluge.
Natural selection works to create subspecies (variations within kind from genes that are already present in the population). Natural selection explains how the fittest individuals within a species are preserved, but it does not and cannot work trans-species to explain the origin of new species. Darwin believed new traits come about by use or disuse of existing capabilities. Neo-Darwinists believe new traits come about by chance, by random mutations. Mutations occur once in every 10 million duplications of a DNA molecule. Our bodies contain nearly 100 trillion cells. So the odds are good that we have a couple of cells with a mutated form of almost any gene.
“The mathematical problem for evolution comes when you want a series of related mutations. The odds of getting two mutations that are related to one another is the product of the separate probabilities 10 7th X 10 7th, or 10 14th. (page 91)
The odds of getting three related mutations are 1 in a billion trillion (10 21st) “the ocean isn’t big enough to hold enough bacteria to make it likely for you to find a bacterium with three simultaneous or sequential related mutations.“ (92)
“the universe isn’t old enough or big enough to reach odds like 1 in 10 3,000,000th that Huxley, an evolutionist, estimated as the odds against the evolution of a horse.” (93)
“mutations are not complementary . . ., nor are they cumulative. That is, they don’t work together, and they don’t add up to anything.” (109)
“Mutations go in the wrong way as far as evolution is concerned. They tear things down and make matters worse. They explain some diseases, hereditary defects, and the loss of traits.
“Evolutionists assume that all life started from one or a few chemically evolved life forms with an extremely small gene pool. . . . Creationists assume each created kind began with a large gene pool, designed to multiply and fill the earth with its tremendous ecologic and geographic variety.” (114)
“The “rear-guard” neo-Darwinian evolutionists like to point out the apparent absurdity of hopeful-monster evolution and claim that evolution could not happen fast. The punctuation evolutionists point to genetic limits and the fossil evidence to show that evolution did not happen so slowly. The creationist simply agrees with both sides. Evolution couldn’t happen fast, and it didn’t happen slowly--because evolution can’t happen and didn’t happen at all!” (155)
Year Read: 2005
Libertarian Essays by Roy Halliday
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