Reincarnation is a fact, witness the butterfly. Psyche or butterfly was the Greek word for soul. As far as social behavior is concerned, mammals are barbarians compared to many insects such as ants. Why do we regard mammals as higher than insects? Bighorn rams as Homeric heroes. Flowers smell good and have bright colors to attract insects. Birds have colorful feathers to attract mates. All mammals except the primates are color blind and less romantic than the birds. "Higher" can only mean "more human." It doesn't make sense to say it means fitness for survival (else the older and more numerous insect species would have to be regarded as higher than man. Awareness seems to be a major unspoken criterion for ranking animals as higher or lower, yet this is not a biologically measured trait.
Krutch gets too teleological, but it is a welcome counterbalance to scientism. He says nature prefers the living to the lifeless and consciousness to unconsciousness (page 109). He thinks natural selection is not the only factor working in evolution.
Year Read: 1986
Libertarian Essays by Roy Halliday
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